In some cases, teeth are treated under general anesthesia. The decision on the necessity for such procedure shall be made by the dentist based on the anamnesis collected and the oral cavity examination. Prior to the procedure performance, the patient shall have a thorough medical check including ECG.
Dental treatment under general anesthesia is applied for the following medical reasons:
- central nervous system disease that does not allow for dental treatment under local anesthesia;
- severe jitteriness or panic-driven fear related to a dental chair that the patient cannot tough it out;
- significant vomiting reflex in response to dental manipulations;
- a patient’s sensitivity reaction to the anesthetic agent used for local anesthesia;
- the necessity for extensive treatment or complex surgical interference for dental problem isolation that should be performed under general anesthesia.
In the latter instance, the dentist is able to treat a large number of teeth in a single attendance, and this will free a person of finding time for several attendances to the dental clinic.
The patients that have no medical grounds for dental treatment under general anesthesia, and if they do not want to experience the uncomfortable sensations that inevitably arise in the course of performance of different dental procedures, may ask the dentist to prescribe it. In the absence of contraindications, the dentist will treat or remove teeth under general anesthesia.
The significant advantages of dental treatment under general anesthesia are the following:
Complete controllability quickly returns to the patient. Following administration of the drug for general anesthesia, the patient falls asleep gently. He / she may be easily woken up, and all the reflexes return to normal in 15 minutes. At dental clinic, the patient is given a free hand to have a rest for the necessary period of time. Then he / she may go home. It is not recommended to drive a vehicle following the procedure.
Dental manipulations under general anesthesia must be performed only by the clinics that have obtained a license for such treatment delivery and for storage of the medicines necessary for its delivery. They must have an experienced anesthesiologist on a full-time basis. Our clinic meets the above mentioned requirements!
The following types of general anesthesia are used in dental clinics:
A laryngeal mask airway is put on the patient, a gas mixture is supplied through it and makes him / her asleep.
A drug is injected through an intravenous catheter which the anesthesiologist selects for the patient with the consideration of the age and the medical state.
During dental treatment procedure, the anesthesiologist monitors all vital signs of the patient.
Dental manipulations under general anesthesia, as well as any medical procedure, have contraindications. There are few of them:
- serious cardiac diseases;
- vascular diseases;
- diseases of the respiratory system in acute form;
- respiratory diseases or injuries due to which nose breathing is impossible.
The procedure shall not be performed for the persons that take addictive substances or those that experience hangover following alcohol consumption.